Dedicated to Emergency Communications by RADIO

Official Journal of the World Radio Relay League


VOL.  6 -- No. 2                            WINTER  2009-10
The EQ PHILOSOPHY - Guest Editorial

SHORT CIRCUITS - News and Announcements

The EM ADVISOR - "Q and A"



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VoIP, IRLP, Echolink and other internet-dependent modes of communication

While most of us are well aware of these modes, there are serious problems and deficiencies looming just over the horizon that need to be considered.  Recently a bill proposed in congress would grant the President the ability to "shut down" our internet in order to protect government and military systems as well as vital infrastructure from cyber attack and denial-of-service attacks.  While this may seem a good idea on the surface, it will instantly bring nationwide communications and commerce to a standstill if implemented.  It will also render VoIP, IRLP, Echolink and other internet-dependent modes completely useless.  While I am all for embracing new technologies, let's not toss out what has been proven over and over for many years because, very simply, it works.

Should our President decide he needed to isolate our American internet from the rest of the world, our ability to communicate, do business, or function via the internet could be crippled.   Except for hard-line telephone connections or radio, communications would be rendered useless at that time.  All primary internet hub locations would be isolated from each other and from all outside connections.

Regardless of who has the authority to sever these links, it is still subject to abuse since that decision to shut down will come from those in government who are just advisors to the President and whose honesty and integrity I personally do not trust.   Our nation can easily be brought to a standstill if our internet is "shut down" because virtually every facet of our lives is dependent upon the internet in one form or another.

So, while these internet-dependent modes are a great idea and can certainly move information efficiently under normal conditions, a good emcomm plan should not be depend on them for handling emergency traffic.  There is nothing that is more reliable than a direct radio link between stations operating on independent or emergency power.  That, my friends, is the absolute "bottom line" so, as the saying goes, "when all else fails..."

Let's not abandon our emcomm fundamentals just because it's easier to turn on a computer.  We still need to know how to get the message through efficiently and accurately.   And practice makes perfect.  I am not saying to toss your computer out the window.  But also keep the dust off of your J-38.  Don't get caught up in the fragile new technologies and lose your basic ability to communicate when needed. - Paul Cavnar, K7IN

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Readers of CQ VHF may have noticed that an article from the December 2008 issue of EM was published in the FALL 2009 issue of that fine magaizine (p. 36-37).

(We admit that we are slightly flattered!)

A Navigator's Definition of Latitude and Longitude:
1 - Latitude is where we are lost.
2 - Longitude is how long we've been lost there!

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Improper use of the terms "mobile" and "portable" continue to be commonplace.  Therefore we (again) present this EQ basic studies training module.

While t
he FCC rules (Part 97) no longer require an amateur operator to identify if they are operating as a fixed, mobile or portable station, doing so is a mark of good operating, and it is also important in public service nets.  Saying "mobile" or "portable" after a call sign is proper and helpful.  The NCS may ask you to take a turn in net before others since there is no guarantee that a signal will continue to be received.

If mobile or portable is not stated, it is assumed that the operator is at his fixed (home) location.  (In Morse, a SLANT BAR followed by M or P may be used....e.g. K6SOJ/M)   In addition, it is important to state your location correctly and accurately.  (See: "What is your Location?"  in the December 2008 EM at:  or the Fall 2009 issue of CQ VHF magazine.  This informs the NCS and others in a net your current location, in case there is any traffic for, or queries about that area.  (E,g, - weather and/or road conditions.)

The terms mobile and portable have nothing to do with the size or type of radio you are using.  If you are at your home location (the location stated on you FCC license), you cannot be mobile, even if you are operating from your car parked in your yard or driveway or parked on the street in front of your house.  If you are using a handie-talkie in your home back yard, you are not "portable" even though HTs are often used for portable or mobile operation.

Here's the "straight scoop:"
Fixed operation:  Radio communications conducted from a specific geographical land location shown on the station license.  Normally, this is your home shack.
Portable operation:
Radio communications conducted from a specific, definable, geographic location, other than what is shown on the station license.  E.g. - a temporary field assignment, or a vacation home or campsite.  Even if you are using a 200 lb. vintage "boat anchor" transmitter, you are still portable!  A portable station may even include numerous antennas and several transmitters running up to full legal power with a 12 kW diesel generator on a truck or trailer!
Mobile operation:  Radio communications conducted while in motion or during stops at unspecified locations.  E.g. - Using a VHF or UHF rig while driving your car, truck, RV or a hand-held transceiver while jogging or while backpacking.
"Maritime mobile" and "aeronautical mobile" are appropriate.  Definitive terms such as:  "pedestrian mobile", "wheel chair mobile", "bicycle mobile", "equestrian mobile", "railroad mobile", are also interesting to hear and acceptable. - EQ

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PROS and CONS*...on the September issue of EMCOMM MONTHLY

"While I do not read all of every publication, I do enjoy the depth of knowledge contained and (that it is) searchable." - Ann Foster, KØANN, Minneapolis, MN
COMMENT: Thank you, Ann, for the kind words and for your donation to help support EMCOMM.ORG and EMCOMM QUARTERLY. - Editor

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"I personally think you have the best interest in EMCOMM at heart as you do these newsletters.  I also think that doing it once a month is more advantageous that doing it once a quarter.  I, too, used to do an EMCOMM-type newsletter called "STONEFLY" back in the 90's.  We had lots of followers, and it was free.  Finding time to write the newsletter was difficult, but I found one can borrow information from other websites, etc.  It then got to a point where I had to rely on "guest writers", because information was needed to get my monthly edition out.

"Will you get subscribers or donations to pay for this....probably not, but you may want to consider asking other people to write a monthly column for you and then you put that in the newsletter.  Maybe you can get co-editors to take turns putting the newsletter together for you each month.  There is a wide array of ways to get out your newsletter on a monthly basis.  I think the information is out there and people would assist if asked......just something to think about over your morning coffee."

John E. Peterson
Department of Homeland Security
Office of Emergency Communications

COMMENT: Thanks John.  If you look back over the past 10 years of both ECWB and EM, you'll notice that there have been many guest writers and even some "borrowing" of articles from other sources.  But I usually avoid re-hashing items that have been published elsewhere, and have always tried to present original material.  However, most of our contributors have either dried up as far as producing new material or have simply "burned out" or have moved on to other interests.  (Above EQ Philosophy excepted).  I am as strong a believer in "delegating" as many tasks as possible as anyone...but I'm sure you'll agree that that also takes a lot of time and energy, sometimes more than if you just do something yourself!   I am having my morning coffee now...(made fresh yesterday!) - Editor
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"You should do an article on REACT. Someone told me that it is on its last legs--something that seems to echo your statements on amateur radio dying. Its sad, but if someone were to call for help on CB channel 9, there is a good chance that no one would get back to them. By the way, I enjoy your newsletter." - David Salt, KC2KQB, Bloomfield, NJ

In "the seventies" I served as the Director of Disaster Services for the Orange County (CA) Chapter of the American Red Cross.  There were two active REACT teams in our county that provided a worthwhile level of communications support in addition to the local ARES® unit.  As we all know, the Citizen's Band Service deteriorated into an unregulated, undisciplined, wasteland of radio anarchy.  Many REACT units moved to FRS, GMRS, etc. and other "CBers" became licensed amateurs.  Sadly, very sadly, amateur radio seems to be headed down the same road. - Editor

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"I have been reading the EMCOMM Monthly for quite a while, and although I find your fascination with the code a little appalling, otherwise I have enjoyed most of the articles.


"However, in view of that odd fascination and Jerry Boyd's comment about socialism, I think it is time to take a pass on the EMCOMM MONTHLY. Trying to turn all hams into nineteenth-century telegraphers has not got much to do with emcomm reality, and Jerry's "socialism" mention is simply absurd on it's face and tells me more about Jerry's knowledge of politics than anything else.


"You have the freedom to say what you want and I will fight alongside you for that freedom, But I have the freedom to ignore what you are saying.  So please drop me from the mailing list." - Name withheld

COMMENT: Sorry that you no longer want to consider other viewpoints.  As far as our "odd fascination" with telegraphy is concerned, it still is the simplest and most efficient way to get a message through using only minimal equipment.  Don't even need a radio...a blinking light or horn will do.  The A1A radio mode (CW) is still the only radio method that works when "all else fails." - Editor
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"For your efforts on behalf of REAL ham radio, thank you.  With all the bad stuff I see coming down the pike for our nation, your work becomes even more important.  Enclosed is a little something to defray expenses." - Jeff Montgomery, WB4WXD, Palestine, TX

"Quarterly instead of monthly for the WRRL Journal.....that will turn out to be fine.  The important thing is to keep EMCOMM basics alive and in the spotlight. Thank you for all you have done to achieve that with the monthly letter.  Please enjoy whatever slack the quarterly schedule will afford you because you have earned it.  I will continue to support WRRL and EQ. Thanks again."  - Bob Shelby, W7FPY, Springfield, OR
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"I enjoy your EMCOMM newsletter.  However, there is one area that we should start learning concerning GPS.  Emergency Management, FEMA, the Military, and the Professional Search and Rescue (SAR) groups are moving to the US National Grid System.  Within the next two years, the process of plotting maps for the entire US will be finished.  Currently, maps of the coastal areas are complete.  Basically, these areas are already complete because of the chance for hurricanes.  Our local ARES group has had the privilege of working with Texas Task Force One's K-9 search and rescue groups, and they have already been using the US National Grid for several years.  This group was one of the first groups called in to New York City after 9-11 to help search for victims.  Once you learn the US National Grid, it is much easier to give a location and to find them on a map." - Mark Garton, W4ZFH, Brazos County, TX ARES EC

  I consulted with three respected SAR and navigation experts.  Here is a synopsis of what they say:
1. The USNG system has been around for many years.
2. USNG is basically UTM adds alpha-numeric grid designatiors to additional squares of their own.  (These are not shown on any maps except USNG maps.)
3. We are not aware of any national mandate or even suggestion that the NSNG system be used.
4. We have yet to see a GPS receiver set up for it.
5. Most western U.S. SAR teams are now using UTM (for many good reasons) and DD (decimal minutes, not seconds) as a secondary system.
6. More information about USNG is at:
7. More information about UTM is at:

As far as emcomm is concerned this all falls into the "nice to know" category.  SAR, fire service, and other emergency personnel must know and practice whatever navigation "system" is being used in their agency and region.  And it doesn't hurt to know what system and/or methods others may be using..."just in case."


As communicators, our job is to accept clear, accurate and concise messages and transmit, relay, receive and deliver the message to the addressee with 100% accuracy as rapidly as possible.  The subject of the message (including whatever system is being used to state a POSN) is irrelevant. 

The GPS is a wonderful tool.  But it is not fail safe.  What happens if the GPS unit or the battery dies, gets dropped, lost or falls overboard?  What happens if an asteroid hits a GPS satellite or big brother shuts down the system to prevent terrorists from using it?  A sextant and chronometer will still work, and let none of us ever forget the basics of land navigation (orienteering) using compass, ruler and map, and the stars.

Finally, in addition to POSN (lat/long and/or UTM) it's also wise to learn how to provide a legal definition of a particular location. (Baseline, meridian, range, township, section, 1/16 of section, etc.) - EQ

* If pro is the opposite of con...what is the opposite of progress?
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The staff of EMCOMM QUARTERLY is happy to answer your questions to the best of our ability.  Some are "FAQs" (Frequently Asked Questions) and others are of a specific nature.  Each month, we will answer questions that may have value to other emcomm radio operators.  Technical questions are forwarded to our Technical Advisor, Ed Ewell, K7DXV.  Questions about our ARCT program or NIMS/ICS are forwarded to Jerry Boyd, N7WR.  Others may be forwarded to other staff members.  Questions regarding emcomm in general are usually handled by D. W. Thorne, K6SOJ. Some will wind up on our FAQ page at:       

Before submitting a question, we ask our readers to check the FAQ page first...your question may have been asked before.  Also, please consider checking our site search page at:  to see if your question may have been previously addressed in EMCOMM MONTHLY.  Thank you.


"What does EQ think about the recent FCC ruling* by Laura Smith, FCC's incoming Special Counsel for Amateur Enforcement regarding licensed amateurs employed by public service agencies not being permitted to use the amateur frequencies while on the job?  - Synopsis of questions from several readers.

A:  At least this new interpretation by Ms. Smith of FCC of Part 97.111 and 97.113 makes an exception for life and death emergencies and for periodic drills.  This ruling is no doubt a reaction to a trend that we have watched develop over the past ten years or so where over-zealous hams have been trying to increase the amateur radio ranks by recruiting employees of both public and private service agencies, such as fire services, law enforcement agencies, health departments and hospitals.  Much of this push was through what is commonly called one or two-day "ham crams."

The object was to learn the answers to the questions and to heck with the rest of it.  The promoter's theory was that there would then be licensed hams already on duty in many agencies institutions that could be utilized to provide amateur radio emcomm.

Truth be known, most of these "ham-cram" graduates have no idea what Ohm’s law is, nor could they draw a simple tank circuit.  Some can't even program their own radio, and most will never string up an emergency wire antenna and operate QRP CW.  Proper operating and traffic handling procedures were not taught or learned.  We doubt that many of these could even pass the Boy Scout Radio Merit Badge exam.  (See QSH section below.)

But this latest FCC ruling seems to be an over-reaction and is a classic example of "throwing the baby out with the bath water."  I have personally been on many search and rescue operations where amateur radio was necessarily used properly and to good advantage.  While most of the SAR personnel that were licensed amateurs were volunteers, the SAR Coordinator was usually a paid deputy (also a licensed amateur.)

Under the latest interpretation of FCC Parts 97.111 and 97.113, members of a SAR team who are licensed amateurs would not be able to contact the SAR Coordinator on an amateur frequency.  In order to "get around" this, it would require that a ham ride along with the SAR Coordinator.  This of course is ridiculous and a waste of the human resource!

Participating in periodic drills with amateur radio emcomm groups is not objectionable.  What is objectionable is when public entities use amateur radio not as a supplement during actual emergencies, but when they use it as a substitute for routine public safety communications.
The real travesty is that much of the amateur radio service has neglected its mission of service to the public (Ref. FCC Part 97.1) who often needs our communications support during disasters and other emergencies.  Much of the focus in recent years has been to align emcomm units with public safety agencies and thereby receive a nifty ID card, or badge and/or uniform.  In reality, agencies do not normally need amateur radio support. - EQ

*NOTE: 54% of U.S. voters voted for "change" last November.  This is only one of many changes that no one expected or wants or makes sense.  Watch for more "change" from the FCC coming down the pike in the months and years ahead.

Related article at:


 "I am trying to get opinions on this recent issue.  I scan public service frequencies for road reports etc. along with my amateur radio as a normal routine while travelling.  Recently, I reported a car accident that I heard on a scanner frequency and gave out a traffic advisory as I was aware of a fellow ham that was going to be within the area of the car accident, and that he should avoid the scene if possible.  Later that evening I was informed that I could not repeat what I heard on a scanner frequency and was told that if I do this again he/she will report me to the federal authorities.  So, if I transmit what I hear on a scanner frequency, am I in violation of this US Federal Law?" - Name withheld

A: Technically speaking, this "nit-picker" is correct.*  However, the commercial news media eavesdrop and report on what they "scan" from public service frequencies all the time and no one seems to complain.  I don't hesitate to pass travelers' advisories, weather warnings and other safety related information along via amateur radio circuits, if doing so might save a life or some property.  I just would NOT say where or how I heard about it.

It is important to remember that, with very few exceptions, broadcasting (one-way transmission of information that is not solely of interest to radio amateurs is illegal on amateur frequencies.  Ref. FCC 97.3 (10) and (26).  Be sure to make your announcement(s) as part of a two-way contact or in a net setting.

It is OK to pass along verified and accurate information, but be very careful when offering directions.   Do NOT speculate or make risky recommendations over the airwaves.  I monitored an incident a few years ago when a well-intentioned ham took it upon himself to direct a trucker around a major highway closure during a severe winter storm.  The truck jack-knifed on a narrow mountain pass and blocked the secondary road for many hours.  In this example, directing a truck up over a narrow mountain pass in a winter storm was unwise and could have resulted in injury or death.  However, if an alternate route(s) had been designated by highway or law enforcement officials, then it would have been acceptable.  There are no hard and fast rules that apply to this.  Common sense and good judgment must prevail...and ALWAYS err on the side of safety! - Editor

* US Communications Act of 1934, Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986, Telecommunications Disclosure & Dispute Resolution Act of 1992, Digital Telephony Bill of 1994, and ET Docket 98-76 of June 1, 1999.  An in depth page on this topic is at: 
NOTE:  EQ has not reviewed everything presented on that site, and therefore cannot verify its accuracy.

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    Pacific (and Mountain) Time Zones:  PTZNN (aka Jefferson Noon Net/JNN) daily at 1200 PTZ on 7204/± kHz (7214 and 3911± kHz alternate)

    Central (and Eastern) Time Zones:  CTZNN Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays at 1200 CTZ  on 7214± kHz
 WRRL NET on  MONDAYS on 14.280 MHz USB (listen up or down the band as much as 20 kHz)
   2000Z (When on Daylight Saving Time) and 2100Z (When on Standard Time)
   Map showing the location of WRRL stations can be viewed at:     

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“For want of a letter, a word was lost.
             For want of a word, a message was lost.
                         For want of a message, a life was lost.”

"Record Message Traffic, by skilled operators, and by RADIO (only)!"   It's all about Dependability, Accuracy and Accountability!

NOTE:  "Record Message Traffic" means that a record is kept of all traffic you handle, (for at least a period of one year), in the event a question comes up later.  It also documents that YOU did your job properly and correctly!   (Assuming that you did...of course.)
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MONDAYS, WEDNESDAYS, and FRIDAYS at 1200 CTZ on 7214 kHz ± LSB.
All emcomm stations in the Central (U.S.) Time Zone, PLUS the Eastern and Mountain Time Zones are invited to check in.

DAILY at 1200 PTZ on 7204 kHz ± LSB.  (7214 and 3911 kHz alternate)

Stations in the MTZ (and CTZ, if the band is very long) are also welcome!

The LNN and the JNN are for operators who want to learn and/or practice proper net operating procedures and standardized traffic handling skills.  Stations in the MTZ (band conditions permitting) can potentially participate in both of these nets, and thereby provide a relay circuit between the east coast and the west coast on 40 meters three times a week!   It is anticipated that the LNN will eventually become a daily circuit.

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THE “TRAFFIC HANDLER’S MANTRA”  (Recite often to help remember the eight parts in preamble):
“No • Prepared • Ham • Should • Copy • Priority • Traffic • Delayed”

To help you to memorize the eight parts of the preamble,  RECITE the "Traffic Handlers Mantra" often:
“No • Prepared • Ham • Should • Copy • Priority • Traffic • Delayed”

your current traffic handling skill.  Take the "TRAFFIC HANDLER’S CHALLENGE" at:    (main page)

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The NATIONAL EMCOMM TRAFFIC SERVICE uses designated watch and calling frequencies.   Public service amateur radio operators everywhere are invited to monitor these frequencies whenever possible.  But when disasters or other incidents occur, emcomm operators are asked to warm up their radios and "light up" the NATIONAL EMCOMM TRAFFIC SERVICE..."24/7".  Active operators know which bands are most likely to be "open" depending upon the time of day, season, etc.

During disasters and for other emergencies, the frequencies are "open nets".  When traffic becomes heavy, they will become "command and control" frequencies with a net control station "triaging traffic" and directing stations with traffic to another (traffic) frequency.  (At least 5 kHz away.)  Proper net procedures are essential.

NETS does not maintain regular schedules and does not handle routine "make work" messages such as birthday greetings, "your license is about to expire", "book messages", etc.  NETS is intended to supplement and fortify other networks by providing a vehicle for emcomm operators to originate, relay and deliver legal radio message traffic (I.e. - "first class mail") of any precedence, at any time, from and to anyone and anywhere--especially during disasters or other crises.  NETS stations will cooperate and use other networks that are known to be capable of accurately and efficiently handling RADIOGRAMS.

All listed frequencies (except 60 meters) are nominal.  Actual nets may be up or down as much as 20 kHz
•   1982 kHz

•   3911 kHz RADIO RESCUE (SSB and CW)
•   5332 kHz "Up" to other 60M channels as necessary. 50W maximum ERP. (Activated during actual incidents.)
•   7214 kHz
• 14280 kHz
ALASKA ONLY: 5167.5 kHz (USB emergency traffic only)

•   1911 kHz
•   3540 kHz
•   3911 kHz RADIO RESCUE (SSB and CW)
•   7111 kHz
• 10119 kHz

• 14050 kHz
 3540/7042/14050 kHz
GULF STATES (LA, MS, TX, AL) - 7111 kHz 1100Z-2300Z / 3570 kHz 2300Z-1100Z

  During EMERGENCIES: 7111 kHz daytime,  3570 kHz nighttime.

  (Times approximate depending on band conditions and changes in sunrise/sunset.)


Frequencies listed may be on or near other established net frequencies.

As a matter of operating courtesy, always move up or down a few kHz to avoid QRM when a frequency is in use.
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EM’s Quiz, Survey, and [attempt at] Humor Section...

(Emcomm Quotient)

BEWARE...Think before you answer.  Some of these may be "tricky" questions!

1. A G5RV is:
A. An general five-band antenna designed for a motor home or a travel trailer.
B. A type of coaxial cable
C. A multi-band HF antenna that is deployable for portable use, but usually requires an antenna matching unit.
D. A multi-band HF antenna that works well on all bands without an antenna matching unit.

E. A new flu virus.

2. Most modern mobile transceivers are designed to work best on:

A. 12.0 vdc
B. 13.8 vdc
C. 120 vac
D. 120 vdc
E. Plugged directly into a wall outlet

3. The ARES® is the public service arm of the:

B. The Salvation Army
C. The American Red Cross


E. The National Association for Amateur Radio

4. RACES is a:
A. A membership emcomm organization sponsored by local or state Civil Defense
B. An amateur radio auxiliary communications service for local and state governments
D. Local radio club
E. Includes the Citizens Band Service

5. A "D CELL" is a:
A. Common flashlight battery
B. Part of a battery
C. A weird cancer cell
D. A cell block at the Graybar Hotel

E. Half of a women's brassiere

A. A form used solely by the NTS (National Traffic System)
B. A form designed by the ARRL
C. A universal message format used by many landline and radio services
D. For CW operators only
E. The weight of one gram of RF power

7. SATERN is:
A. The sixth planet from the Sun
B. A small car built in Tennessee
C. Salvation Army Radio Team
D. Satellite emcomm net
E. An American professional wrestler

8. NIMS is:
A. National Incident Management Service
B. National Incident Mobile Service
National Incident Management System
D. Not In My State

9. NAAR is:
A. National Association for Amateur Radio
B. A hair removal creme
C. New American Amateur Reserve
D. North American Association of Retirees


10. NETS is:
A. National Traffic System
B. New England Traffic Service
C. National Emcomm Traffic System
D. National Emcomm Traffic Service

Correct answers below

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Can you meet the Boy Scout radio merit badge requirements?

Email from Bill F. 9/29/09
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"SHOW US YOUR SHACK" is at:       
• Send a picture of you AND your shack (all in one frame and in JPG or JPEG format) to:     
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We often hear, "Where have all the leaders gone?"  A few weeks ago the subject of leadership came up on the SEC "reflector."  One participant asked if anyone knew of any courses available on how to be an effective leader.  There were ZERO replies.  One reader commented: "The last leadership training that I had was in the Air Force (my age is showing).  It all proved very useful, even for today."

A valid question...and it applies to much more than amateur radio.  The lack of effective leadership permeates our entire society.  It would be next to impossible to write a book or to provide a course on "How To Be a Leader."  However, there are certain qualities and traits that are obvious in effective leaders...whether they are at a local level or on the world stage.  Here are a few observations on leadership that we can all seek to emulate.

LEADERSHIP is not "discipline-specific".  An effective leader will be able to lead in any discipline in which he or she is familiar.  It is a common misconception that a leader must be a master of all the disciplines he or she "commands."  The captain of a ship does not need to know how to maintain an engine, cook for a thousand, or cut hair.  In emcomm, a leader does not need to copy Morse at 30 wpm or how to build a Class A amplifier.  A LEADER is someone who is able to recruit, identify, and effectively utilize the human resource and/or specialists.

LEADERSHIP is a natural talent.  Some people are born leaders...others simply are not.  Effective leadership can be developed, but there must be some natural ability.  Leaders often do not step forward until they are needed.

AN EFFECTIVE LEADER must be a good communicator.  In both verbal and written skills.  If you can't spell or speak effectively, you will have little respect.

AN EFFECTIVE LEADER must be a good listener...but not swayed by everything he or she hears.

AN EFFECTIVE LEADER must be fair.  Able to avoid prejudice, yet make decisions when necessary.  Even when they are unpopular.

AN EFFECTIVE LEADER must also know how to be a follower.  Everyone must answer to someone.

AN EFFECTIVE LEADER must be willing to WORK!  Leadership is not about titles, certificates, and name badges.  I have seen too many "leaders" appointed or elected and then do little or nothing.  Some are never heard from again!

AN EFFECTIVE LEADER must have the ability to see the whole picture, and not be distracted or sidetracked.  In other words, STAY FOCUSED!

AN EFFECTIVE LEADER earns respect by setting an example to follow.

AN EFFECTIVE LEADER must be able to take criticism, both the deserved and the undeserved

AN EFFECTIVE LEADER must be firm, but not be arrogant.  There is an old saying:  "The test of someone's character is to give them a little power."

AN EFFECTIVE LEADER need not necessarily be physically able.  Moses stammered and needed Aaron to do the speaking.  FDR led us through the dark days of World War II...from a wheelchair.

AN EFFECTIVE LEADER must be able to delegate.  And avoid "micro-managing.
Never tell people how to do things. Tell them what to do and they will surprise you with their ingenuity."  (General George S. Patton, Jr.)

AN EFFECTIVE LEADER must know his or her own limitations.  Both of skill, ability and where their authority ends.

AN EFFECTIVE LEADER must learn and know the skills, abilities, and limitations of those (s)he would seek to lead.

AN EFFECTIVE LEADER must not be afraid to, or be ashamed to admit it when he (or she) is wrong.  Or be willing to say, "I don't know, I'll have to look that up."

AN EFFECTIVE LEADER must know how to set and evaluate measurable goals and objectives.

AN EFFECTIVE LEADER must be able to accept failure, re-group, and then move ahead.

YOU WILL BE AN  EFFECTIVE LEADER "If you can talk with crowds and keep your virtue, "Or walk with Kings - nor lose the common touch" - (Rudyard Kipling in IF)

AND REMEMBER THIS:  LEADING AND MOTIVATING (unpaid) VOLUNTEERS is the most difficult task of all!




View at:
$10.00 each or 2 for $18.00 - postpaid

Or, outfit your emcomm team by ordering:
10 for $70.00 - postpaid (shipped to one address)
Mail check or money order to:  EMCOMM, P.O. BOX 99, Macdoel, CA  96058

Features D. W. Thorne, K6SOJ, as the instructor.  The session was taped live at the U.S.F.S. facility at Redding, CA on October 29, 2005 by Paul Peterson (K6PTT).  As you watch it, you'll feel like you are actually in the classroom.  DW begins with a review of the history of communications beyond the horizon, followed by a thorough explanation of the "whys and wherefores" of basic message handling.  Essential information for all emcomm operators is presented in a palatable way. The video includes a brief overview of the ICS.  Thanks to Robert Jackson (KB6YTD) of Weaverville, CA, the quality is good.  Disclaimer: This is not your usual scripted, studio, well-rehearsed, and edited training video--it is raw and unedited and it includes flub-ups, bloopers, jokes, as well as unsolicited comments! There are a few "glitches" that could not be remedied; however, it is not necessary to adjust your player or TV when you encounter them, but rather just let the video run.  Not rated. 155 minutes.   $10.00 ea. and includes protective case, study and instructor's guide.  $5.00 for extra DVD (disc only) to same address.  $18.00 for two complete sets to one address.  The DVD is copyrighted.  Contact us for permission to make copies (for non-commercial use only).
Send check payable to: EMCOMM, P. O. Box 99, Macdoel, CA  96058


Bob Baker, K5LLF, Missouri City, TX - RACES, ARES®
David Childress, KD5MML, Maxwell, TX - ARES®
Ben Gillis, K5TBN, Houston, TX - ARES®, RACES
Gerard Hickey, AD7ZE, Issaquah, WA - ARES®
Michael Carey, KD7GHZ, Spokane, WA - ARES®, RACES
David Scott, KE7WVK, Arlington, WA
David Norman, N7ORM, Silverdale, WA - ARES®
Brad Rodriguez, VE3RHJ, Markdale, ON - ARES®
Daniel Lindholm, KDØHQB, Kansas City, MO - RACES
Howard A. Baker, KD8DBF, Grand Marais, MI - ARES®, EC Schoolcraft County, Alger County Sheriff Dept  EUPSAR
Tony Mondaro, N2HWC, Harrison, NJ - Hudson County RACES
Marty Machado, W6TOC, Rocklin, CA - ARRL
Howard Curtis, AJ4SK, Raleigh, NC
Ray Thompson, WØIVB, Fairplay, CO
Fred Lorch, VA3STG, Teeswater, ON - ARES®
Mike Johnson, NØVF, Broomfield, CO - Boulder County ARES®
James Hilton, KI6NKZ, Corning, CA - ARES®
Joe Bruno, KE5YWO, Seguin, TX - ARES®
Sam Sumner, W4ZKM, Kingston, TN - ARES®, Roane County Division of Emergency Communications
Bernie Roche, VE3OTR, Toronto, ON - York Region ARES® EC
Ray Buck, KJ4ETN, Harriman TN - ARES®
Ralph Farr, KJ4FQR, Dawsonville, GA - Dawson Co RACES/ARES®, CERT, Gainesville Medical Reserve Corps

Steve Lloyd, KR6TFD, Murrieta, CA - RACES
David Meola, KI4AZX, Bristow, VA - ARES®, RACES
Ken Baremore, WØKRB, Battlefield, MO
Frank Forrester, WN4NC, Horse Shoe, NC - Henderson Co ARES®
John Quinn, N9JZX - Mills River, NC - ARES®
Paul Webster, KA9JWX, Merrillville, IN
Gregory Hartnett, KCØYMH, Louisburg, KS - ARES®, RACES
William Marinucci, WB2GHC, Churchville, NY - Monroe County ARES®, RACES, ARMY MARS, SATERN
Bob Bullock, K6REB, Santa Maria, CA
• Donald R. Fuhs, KEØCQ, Claremore, OK - ARES®, RACES, SATERN
John LeBlanc, KE5JZM, Lutcher, LA - ARES® EC
Ed Tump, KC9GWK, Trevor, WI - Army MARS
Eric Rench, WS6L, Roseville, CA
Gene Vialle, KCØYIM, Louisburg, KS - ARES®
John Hardin, KE4ZWD, Seneca, SC
Patricia Conway, KG6GCZ, Reseda, CA
Jack Farrance, N3BZ, Ft. Wayne, IN
Stan Broadway, N8BHL, Radnor, OH
Carolyn Usher, KG6YUM, San Bernardino, CA - RACES
Michael D. Voleski, KD8JUF, Mentor, OH - ARES®
Matt Welch, W8DEC, Painesville, OH - ARES®
James Dilger, KJ4QMK, Venice, FL - ARES®
Luis Cardez, KB1TJM, Stamford, CT

RECENT CONTRIBUTOR$ - Thank you for your support!

The individuals listed below have made monetary contributions to help EMCOMM QUARTERLY and EMCOMM.ORG survive.
Jeff Montgomery, WB4WXD, Palestine, TX
Christopher A. Myers, KB1NEK, Shelburne Falls, MA
H. C. Knief, W4DK, Etowah, NC
Charles Nehrbass, N7TGB, Sun Valley, NV

Bart Lee, K6VK, San Francisco, CA
Joe Cunningham, KF4ETH, Freeport, FL
Frank Forrester, WN4NC, Etowah, NC
Richard Cloyd, WO6P, Shingletown, CA
Bob Shelby, W7FPY, Springfield, OR
Ann Foster, KØANN, Minneapolis, MN

EMCOMM QUARTERLY and EMCOMM.ORG are private (non-government, non-commercial) endeavors and are funded by donations from emcomm operators who are concerned about preserving the ability of amateur radio operators to be prepared to provide skilled, accurate and efficient emergency communications during times of disaster or other events where normal channels of communication may be interrupted or overloaded.  If you have benefited from our efforts, and would like to support this work in a tangible way, you may do so by sending a check or money order payable to: EMCOMM.

Mail to: EMCOMM, PO Box 99, Macdoel, CA  96058.  Your donation is an outright gift and is NOT tax-deductible.

SORRY: We have no PayPal®, credit card, or other methods to accept the electronic transfer of funds.




• ARRL FSD-218.  The famous “pink card” that contains (almost) “everything you ever needed to know about RADIOGRAMS”.
  An electronic version of FSD-218 is at:       
• NTS page by W7ARC:       
• NATIONAL TRAFFIC SYSTEM (NTS) Methods and Practices Guidelines:       
• U. S. AIR FORCE Search and Rescue SURVIVAL MANUAL MIRROR SIGNALING (AFM 64-5 Aug. 1969)       
SUBSCRIBE TO EMCOMM QUARTERLY   -- IMPORTANT:  Many internet service providers (ISPs) are installing "SPAM filters" in their system that may block EMCOMM QUARTERLY both inbound or outbound (if you try to forward it to someone).  To ensure that you receive EQ and SPECIAL BULLETINS add:,, and to your "Whitelist" with your ISP.  Contact your ISP if you have any questions.


ABOUT ADDRESS CHANGES:  Every month, a varying number of EQ are returned as "undeliverable addressee unknown" or "rejected due to containing possible objectionable material".  Our very limited, all-volunteer staff does not have the time, energy, or desire to track down everyone who changes their email address and forgets to notify us.  Also, if a subscriber installs a "spam filter" or a "parental control device" and neglects to tell the filter that it's "OK to let  EQ  pass through", we do not have time or patience to jump through secret hoops, or solve puzzles, to allow us to send email to you.

If you change your email address, be sure to notify us at:    ... that is, if you want to continue to receive EQ.  EMCOMM QUARTERLY is originated in 10, 12, 14, and 18 point Arial font and transmitted in HTML format.  Occasionally, selected portions are set up in the Lucida Console font.  HOWEVER...we have received a few reports that on some computer screens...EQ appears unformatted in Plain Text or FUBAR.  ("Fouled Up Beyond All Recognition.")  If this happens to you, you can always view EQ, as it is intended to appear, at:        

Upon request  EMCOMM QUARTERLY will be transmitted in plain text format to visually impaired subscribers who use an email-to-audio conversion program, and/or other subscribers whose computers do not process email in HTML format.


The opinions expressed by individual contributors do not necessarily reflect the EQ philosophy, the editorial position of EQ, or its staff.


ARES® and Amateur Radio Emergency Service® are registered service marks of the

American Radio Relay League Inc., and are used with permission.

For permission to reproduce material in EMCOMM QUARTERLY and EMCOMM MONTHLY
contact: D. W. Thorne at:    or write:
EMCOMM, P.O. Box 99, Macdoel, CA  96058  U.S.A.

EQ STAFF (also WRRL Board of Directors):
D. W. Thorne, K6SOJ - Editor and Publisher -   
Jerry Boyd, N7WR - Associate Editor and ICS Advisor -       

Bill Frazier, W7ARC - Associate Editor and Webmaster -       
Ed Ewell, K7DXV - Technical Advisor -       
Ed "FB" Trump, AL7N - Traffic Editor and Alaska Correspondent - 
(View "bios" at: pictures at:
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Correct answers to WHAT IS YOUR "EQ"? -- 1c, 2b, 3b, 4b, 5b, 6c, 7c, 8c, 9a, 10d.
All 10 correct: EMCOMM GENIUS!
8 or 9 correct: Above average.
6 or 7 correct: Average.
4 to 5 correct: Improvement needed.

0 to 3 correct: Hobby operator only.
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EMCOMM QUARTERLY -- The Official Journal of the World Radio Relay League - WRRL®

EQ is published four times a year (March, June, September and December) and is copyrighted (c) 2009 - All rights reserved.
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