Bulletin No. 93

“The struggle of today, is not altogether for today -
- it is for a vast future also.”
               -- Abraham Lincoln, December 3, 1861


SACRAMENTO VALLEY SECTION ARES TEAMS TO MAINTAIN
A HEIGHTENED ALERT CONTINUING THROUGH FEBRUARY 25.
ARES MEMBERS IN OTHER SECTIONS CHECK WITH THEIR LEADERS
FOR POSSIBLE CONTINGENCY PLANNING FOR THEIR AREA.

The 5-1-2+ BULLETIN - 12 February 2002 - No. 93

A REGIONAL Bulletin for ARES and other EMCOMM Stations and Public Safety Officials in northern California, southern Oregon, northern Nevada, and
elsewhere.  D.W. Thorne, K6SOJ, SV Section EC, Editor.

INTERNET: www.qsl.net/k6soj  E-MAIL: k6soj@arrl.net


+ IN THIS EDITION:
- SHORT CIRCUITS
- EMCOMM 2002 UPDATE

- EC CORNER
- FEEDBACK
- TRAINING and CONTINUING EDUCATION
- ON-THE-AIR RADIOGRAM PRACTICE UPDATE
- NWS-SKYWARN NEWS
- WX SPOTTER CLASS SCHEDULE
- ARES NETS REMINDER/SCHEDULE
- COMING ATTRACTIONS

+++ SHORT CIRCUITS - (Brief, but important announcements)

+ WIN A PRIZE IN OUR RADIOGRAM PRACTICE CONTEST - TOMORROW ONLY!
In order to encourage participation in the Wednesday evening RADIOGRAM practice sessions, a drawing for a nifty prize will be held for those who submit reports on Wednesday night’s (Feb 13, 2002) training.  Full details are in the TRAINING section (below).

+ OREGON ARES NET UPDATE -
Oregon ARES Traffic Net
Daily at 1730L 3.993.5 MHz / Alternate: 7228 MHz
NOTE: A list of other ARES nets in our region (and beyond) is available at:
http://www.qsl.net/k6soj/nets/index.htm)

+ NWS / SKYWARN WX SPOTTER CLASSES SCHEDULED -
(See NWS Section below)

+ SEARCH AND RESCUE -
The Inland Empire Search and Rescue Council produces a monthly newsletter.
“The TRACKER” is very nicely produced with numerous pictures and articles.
Here is the link to view the February 2002 issue. (It takes a while to load.)  http://www.sbsd-vfu.org/Documents/trkrhist/0202Trkr.pdf
(Thanks to Sgt. Dave Nicholson, KB6PNT, Siskiyou County SAR Coordinator)

EMCOMM 2002 NEWS AND UPDATES -
Watch this spot each week for progress reports and updates. (Previous updates are located in the “EMCOMM 2002 SECTION” near the end of
this bulletin and on the EMCOMM 2002 website: www.emcomm2002.net)

+ “FAQ” PAGE NOW ON WEBSITE AT: www.emcomm2002.net/faq.htm

+ EMCOMM MOBILE UNIT SHOW AND COMPETITION - TROPHIES TO BE AWARDED!
There will be two categories:

 -  BEST ARES OR CLUB OWNED EMCOMM UNIT
 -  BEST EQUIPPED PRIVATE MOBILE EMCOMM UNIT

Judging will begin at noon and end in the evening on Saturday, April 20.
Decision of the judges will be final. The “scores” will be based upon the
criteria below; PLUS UP TO 50 BONUS POINTS are possible based upon
unannounced criteria.

Categories and maximum points possible (in each category):

Category Points
HF mobile / portable       10
HF “Park and talk” antenna / NVIS  10
VHF  5
UHF 5
HF Digital  5
VHF Packet  5
Mast (at least 16 feet)  10
47.42 MHz FM (American Red Cross)  5
ARES affiliated     10
RACES affiliated  10
4WD    5
Fire extinguisher   5
First aid kit (adequate) 5
Jumper cables 5
Generator and spare fuel 10
Safety gear (gloves, goggles, respirators, hard hat)  10
Log books, maps, plans, clip boards, pens/pencils 10
HD Flashlights   10
Shovel 5
Tow strap   5
Coffee pot, stove, food rations  5
Sanitary supplies (TP, paper towels, etc.  10
Blankets    10
Innovative design use of recycled / surplus equipment 15
Over all appearance 15

 
                                    POINTS POSSIBLE: 200
                               BONUS POINTS POSSIBLE: 50
                              TOTAL POINTS POSSIBLE: 250

Watch this bulletin and the EMCOMM 2002 website for MOBILE UNIT
registration information, plus other details.

+ EC CORNER - JANUARY SUMMARY

Thanks to the ECs/AECs in these SV Counties who submitted monthly reports
for January: Lassen, Siskiyou/Modoc, Placer, Yolo and District 1 and 2; for
a total for the SV section of  469 volunteer hours.  Your reports tell us who is active, are forwarded to ARRL HQ each month, and will help preserve our amateur radio privileges.

+ FEEDBACK -

From Pat Lambert, W0IPL, Longmont, CO:

“Very interesting web site.  Some of the presentations look like they are targeting the ACS community (California). Are you planning to expand the scope of the EmComm presentations to a more nationwide interest, or are they sufficiently diverse to fit in well with most organizations?  If it wasn't such a long drive I would be interested in attending.”

COMMENT: Thanks Pat.  EMCOMM 2002 is ARRL/ARES oriented, but the training we provide is applicable to all EMCOMM units...anywhere.  Our goal is to appeal to and provide information that is of value to all radio amateurs. 

Yes, it’s  a long way from Colorado.  Why not look into the possibility of starting a Rocky Mountain EMCOMM Convention?

+++ TRAINING and CONTINUING EDUCATION SECTION -
(Previous training bulletins are archived at: www.qsl.net/k6soj)

+ RADIOGRAM TIP # 11 is lengthy.  It is included at the end of this bulletin as an “APPENDIX”.  You may want to perform an “appendectomy”. (Print it out and save for reference).

+ AN EXCELLENT NATIONAL TRAFFIC SYSTEM (NTS) TRAINING WEBSITE IS AT: http://www.qsl.net/aresco/nts-top.htm

+ WIN A PRIZE* IN OUR RADIOGRAM PRACTICE CONTEST - TOMORROW (FEB 13) ONLY!
In order to encourage participation in the Wednesday evening RADIOGRAM practice sessions, a drawing for a nifty prize* will be held for those who submit reports for tomorrow night’s training. 

Here are the rules:
1. Listen in to the RADIOGRAM TEST SESSION on 3987 (+ or -) at
2000 PST 13 FEB 2002 (0400Z 14 FEB 2002).

2. Copy the entire RADIOGRAM(s) (preamble, text, and signature).  Copy(s)
must be accurate and correct.  VERY minor (non-consequential) errors, MAY
be accepted.

3. Use an ARRL RADIOGRAM blank; or, you may use a plain piece of paper.
However, your “copy” MUST be in standard ARRL RADIOGRAM format.

4. Send your completed RADIOGRAM(s) and a business-size (4 x 9.5”)
self-addressed stamped envelope (.34 cent stamp affixed) to:
D. W. Thorne,  K6SOJ, P.O. Box 99, Macdoel, CA 96058.

5. Entry MUST be postmarked by February 18, 2002.  (Since the correct copy
will be published in the 5-1-2+ Bulletin on Feb. 19th)

6. GRAND PRIZE DRAWING.  Each correctly copied RADIOGRAM submitted will give you one chance in the grand prize drawing.  Submit all four and you’ll
have four chances in the drawing to be held on March 1, 2002.

7. SPECIAL QSL CARD AVAILABLE TO ALL ENTRANTS.  If you would like a QSL card, enclose a business size SASE.  (More info below.)

8. “INSTRUCTOR STATIONS” (stations that send/receive the practice ‘grams)
are not eligible for the Grand Prize.

9. * PRIZE WINNER will receive a battery powered, analog alarm clock
complete with switchable dial light suitable for field use or ham shack.

RADIOGRAM practice sessions are Wednesday nights following the ARES
REGIONAL LEADERSHIP NET - (Approximately 2000L on 3987 LSB + or -.)
- Test messages will be sent by volunteer operators.

- The RADIOGRAMS will be published in the following 5-1-2+ Bulletin, so
participants can check their copy for accuracy.

- You will need a supply of blank RADIOGRAMS.  They are available from
league HQ; or, you can print them out from: http://www.arrl.org/FandES/field/forms/RADIOGRM.pdf

- ALL EMCOMM operators are invited to “practice” with us.  ARES leaders are
asked to encourage members on their teams to participate.

- Operators that do not have an HF station, can still practice. All you will need is an HF receiver.

- Later on, we may also do some sessions on CW.

- Watch the 5-1-2+ Bulletin for more information.

- Reference materials are:
    The ARRL Public Service Manual (earlier buff colored cover edition);
or, ARRL Net Directory (FSD-50, 2001-02 edition); or, go to: www.arrl.org/FandES/ead/teacher/kemp/appendixa.html

+ TEST (PRACTICE) RADIOGRAMS AS SENT ON 6 FEBRUARY

SENDING STATION K7DXV -- RECEIVING STATION K6SOJ
------------------------------------------------
TEST 28 R K7DXV 12 KLAMATH FALLS OR FEB 6

ALBERT M COUSINS
337 W 38TH ST
BRIDGEPORT CT 06645
203 334 5678

TEST MESSAGE X ARRIVED HOME
PHONE 602 345 9876 CALL
ME SOON

BILL SMITH
-----------------------------------------------
TEST 29 R K7DXV 13 PORTLAND OR FEB 6

DONALD R SMITH
164 EAST SIXTH AVE
NORTH RIVER CITY MO 96604
760 352 2737

TEST MESSAGE X NEVER FAIL
TO DELIVER OR SERVICE BACK
AN NTS RADIOGRAM

CHUCK NTS NET MANAGER
----------------------------------------------
TEST 30 B24 W7IJK ARL7 LAKEVIEW OR 0330Z FEB 7

SUE BERRY
WHITE TREE AVE
PORTLAND OR 97001
541 462 7935

TEST MESSAGE X ARL FIVE
ARL SIX

TOM
----------------------------------------------

“TRAFFIC HANDLING IS FUN AND REWARDING!”

ADDITIONAL (VERY) USEFUL information is available at:
http://www.remote.arrl.org/FandES/field/pscm/sec2-ch11.html
http://www.iea.com/~donf/pan/NTSMinutes.htm
http://www.area-ham.org/tngdocs/ntsdocs/ntsman.htm

A SPECIAL QSL CARD is available to operators who participate in any
Wednesday session and submit a copy of a correctly copied RADIOGRAM by
regular mail.  All radio amateurs (including “no code” Technicians) are
invited to listen in and submit an entry.  Here are the rules:

1. Listen on Wednesdays at 2000L on 3987 LSB (+ or -).

2. Copy at least one RADIOGRAM(s) (preamble, text, and signature).  Copy(s)
must be accurate and correct.  VERY minor (non-consequential) errors, MAY
be accepted.

3. Use an ARRL RADIOGRAM blank; (a “printer friendly” version is available
at: http://www.arrl.org/FandES/field/forms/radiogram2.pdf or, you may use a plain piece of paper.  However, your “copy” MUST be in ARRL RADIOGRAM format.

4. Send your completed RADIOGRAM(s) and a business-size (4 x 9.5”)
self-addressed stamped envelope (.34 cent stamp affixed) to:
D. W. Thorne,  K6SOJ, P.O. Box 99, Macdoel, CA 96058.

5. Entries MUST be postmarked by the Monday that follows the practice
session, since the correct copy will be published in the 5-1-2+ Bulletin
the following Tuesday.

RADIOGRAM PRACTICE SESSION STATION SCHEDULE:

DATE SEND RECEIVE
Feb.  6 K7DXV  K6SOJ
Feb. 13  K6SOJ  KC7IXX
Feb. 20 K6SOJ KC7IXX
Feb. 27 KC7IXX KB7EKF

------------------------------------

Mar.  6 KC7IXX  KB7EKF
Mar. 13 KB7EKF
Mar. 20 KB7EKF
Mar. 27

 ------------------------------------
As you can see from the above schedule, volunteer stations will SEND
messages for two consecutive Wednesdays.  Then, they will RECEIVE messages for the next two Wednesdays.  If you want to “jump in with both feet”, and be a sending (then a receiving) station, please let us know.  Don’t let the
fear of making a mistake hold you back.  In an emergency or disaster, operators who have not practiced this will have one a hell of a time if they ever need to send a message.  Learn how to, or polish your old skills, BEFORE an EMERGENCY occurs!

OK...who will be next?  (Need a receiving station for March 13 and March 20.)

+ NWS-SKYWARN SECTION
Jim Reynolds, KD7MLO, Warning Coordination Meteorologist, Medford NWS
Gary Peterson, N7GK, Acting Medford SKYWARN Coordinator
D. W. Thorne, K6SOJ, Asst. Medford SKYWARN Coordinator

SKYWARN is the National Weather Service program of trained volunteer spotters reporting severe weather.  The ARRL/ARES has a national “memorandum of understanding” (MOU) with the NOAA/NWS. 

MEDFORD NWS SKYWARN WEBSITE: www.qsl.net/mfrskywarn

+ NWS / SKYWARN WEATHER SPOTTER CLASSES SCHEDULED -

LAKE COUNTY (OR):
Thursday, April 11 - 7-9 p.m. at the Senior Center in Lakeview.

KLAMATH COUNTY:
Tuesday, April 16 - 6:30-8:30 p.m. Klamath Falls Sizzler
(South Sixth St. near Washburn Way - Optional dinner at 5:30 p.m..)

SISKIYOU COUNTY:
Wednesday, April 17 - 7-9 p.m. at Grange Hall, Happy Camp.
(In conjunction with Neighborhood Watch.)
Tuesday, April 23 - 7-9 p.m. CDF Training Room, 1809 Fairlane Rd. Yreka.

MODOC COUNTY:
Thursday, April 18, 7 PM at the Modoc County Office of Education
Conference Room, 139 W. Henderson, Alturas.
Contact: Nancy Ballard, Modoc County Sheriff’s Office.
(530-233-4416 or toll free 1-888-233-4416)

SHASTA COUNTY:
Sunday, April 21, 10:30 am (at EMCOMM 2002)

MEDFORD NWS WX SPOTTER / SKYWARN NETS:
The Medford NWS WX SPOTTER NET every Wednesday at 1915L on:
147.26+ / CTCSS: 123.0, (Mt. Ashland - Jackson County and more)
146.55 SIMPLEX (eastern Siskiyou and Klamath Counties)
146.97- (Likely - Modoc County)
3987LSB (1982 LSB alternate).

SKYWARN nets may be activated on these frequencies during severe weather events.

NWS SKYWARN NET CONTROL STATIONS 
DATE   147.260 MHz. +  3987 kHz. LSB
Feb.  6: K6SOJ  KC7WEU
Feb. 13: N7GK  N2RSN
Feb. 20: K6SOJ  KC7WEU
Feb. 27: N7GK KB7EKF
Mar.  6:  K6SOJ  KC7WEU
Mar. 13: N7GK  N2RSN
Mar. 20: K6SOJ   KC7WEU
Mar. 27: N7GK KB7EKF


ADDITIONAL NWS NET CONTROL OPERATORS SOUGHT -
For more information contact:
Gary, N7GK, gpederso@OregonVOS.net; or,
Dave, K6SOJ, k6soj@arrl.net

NWS PACKET NODE ON MT. ASHLAND is on 145.030 MHz, ID is: skywrn. NWS is asking for SKYWARN and ARES packet stations to connect and let them know your location, the type of antenna and power you use to access the Mt. Ashland node. The “connect” to NWS packet bbs (direct) is 145.090 and the ID is NWSMFR. Then connect to NWSBBS, e.g., c nwsmfr. Then, c nwsbbs. The NWSMFR at nws mfr is a node.

Questions? contact Gary, N7GK e-mail: gpederso@OregonVOS.net

Check in to the JEFFERSON NOON NET daily at 1200L on 7232 LSB (alt. 3987) for announcements regarding anticipated or actual severe WX.

+ REMINDER - 5-1-2+ REGIONAL ARES AND NWS NETS

DAILY:
1200 to 1230L: Jefferson Noon Net on 7232 LSB (3987 LSB alternate)
NOTE: ALL STATIONS ARE ENCOURAGED TO MONITOR AND/OR CALL ON 146.52 and/or 146.55 MHZ DURING THE NOON NET TO RELAY CHECK-INS OR TRAFFIC.

WEDNESDAYS:
1915 to 1930L: NWS WX SPOTTER NETS (see NWS-SKYWARN section below)

1930 to 2000L: A.R.E.S. LEADERSHIP NET on 3987 LSB (1982 LSB alternate) ALL ARES and other EMCOMM leaders are welcome. A net roster is available at: www.qsl.net/k6soj/nets/net.htm

Starting November 21, 2001 at 2000L (approximate) on 3987 LSB (+ or -):
“ON-THE AIR” RADIOGRAM PRACTICE SESSIONS

ARES REGIONAL NET CONTROL STATION SCHEDULE:
Feb.  6  Josephine County AEC KC7IXX
Feb. 13 Klamath County AEC  K7DXV
Feb. 20 Josephine County EC KK7BF
Feb. 27  District 1 & 2  DEC WO6P
Mar.  6
Mar. 13
Mar. 20
Mar. 27  District 1 & 2  DEC WO6P

------------------------------------
(ARES leaders* who are willing and available to serve as the NCS on one of
the blank dates above, please contact K6SOJ to be placed on the schedule.)
* SECs, DECs, ECs, AECs, OES, ORS, etc.)

+ ARES and other EMCOMM NETS - list at: www.qsl.net/k6soj/nets/index.htm

+ IF YOU HAVE AN ANNOUNCEMENT OR SOMETHING OF INTEREST TO REPORT about your ARES team or other EMCOMM unit...and would like it posted in the 5-1-2+ BULLETIN...send it to:  k6soj@arrl.net

+ COMING ATTRACTIONS ...
bulletHISTORY OF THE 5-1-2+ BULLETIN
bulletCW IN EMCOMM - WHY?
bulletDEVELOPING YOUR EMERGENCY PLAN - TIPS
bulletPLANNING AND EXECUTING YOUR NEXT “SET” - TIPS

PLUS:

bulletWHAT does “Amateur Radio”...mean to YOU?
bulletMORE... “SATIRICAL SYMPHONIES
bulletHOW PREPARED ARE YOU? - A FUN QUIZ

+++ EMCOMM 2002 SECTION +++
April 20-21 2002 - Bishop Quinn High School, Palo Cedro, CA.
www.emcomm2002.net

+ REGISTRATION - The rush is on!  During the first two weeks of the
registration period, radio amateurs from Arizona, Nevada, Oregon,
Washington, and California have pre-registered!

+ WHY PRE-REGISTER?  You’ll have a complimentary EMCOMM 2002 NAME BADGE with your CALLSIGN waiting for you when you check-in.  (For non-hams it will have your first name.)  

Each person planning to attend please register separately. (E.g.- A husband and wife attending, should each register.) It’s from this database that name tags, certificates, etc. will be generated.  

Send your registration fee ($10/person) in advance, and expedite your check in the morning of EMCOMM.  Pre-register at:
http://www.emcomm2002.net/

+ THE SATURDAY NIGHT B-B-Q -
The B-B-Q will include: Tri-tips, chicken, salad, rolls, beans, cake and
soft drinks.  The price is $10 per person, pre-paid by April 1, 2002.  If
you would like your tickets sent to you via return mail enclose a SASE.
Other wise pick them up when you check in on April 20.  Details at:
www.emcomm2002.net/

+ EMCOMM 2002 CAPS - STRAW POLL #2 -
If you are interested in purchasing a commemorative EMCOMM 2002 cap, and
haven’t voted in STRAW POLL at: www.emcomm2002.net/  (Click on Cap Poll)
please vote.  The baseball style cap will be blue, with a flag design. 2002
in white in the upper left hand corner of “the flag”, with EMCOMM and “WE
SERVE”  between the stripes.  They will cost $20 each (including sales
tax).  Advance payment will reserve a cap for you.  Do not send any money
until it is announced that we have enough to make up an order.

+ LODGING - Another major event is scheduled for Redding the weekend of
April 20-21.  Make your reservations ASAP!  A few have reported that when
they called an “800” number for reservations, they were told that there
were no rooms available.  But when they called a motel/hotel direct, they
were able to reserve a room.  PLEASE do not let this discourage anyone from
attending!  If you are unable to secure a room reservation...contact us
ASAP.  We may be able to help.  We are also working on alternative lodging
arrangements.

+ CAMPING AND OVERNIGHT PARKING FOR RV’S -
Full details at the EMCOMM 2002 website.

+ INFORMATIONAL FLYER AVAILABLE -
A “downloadable” informational flier is available at the EMCOMM 2002
Website.  Print one out, make a bunch of copies, and distribute them at
ARES meetings, club meetings, hamfests, and wherever else you wish.

+ THE EMCOMM 2002 CURRICULUM -

SATURDAY (APRIL 20) -
0700: VE Testing ($10.00)
0730: Doors open to EMCOMM 2002.  Check in, coffee and donuts
0845: Opening Ceremonies and Pledge of Allegiance
0915: OES/ACS Update
0930: Historic Role of Private Volunteer Organizations in America
1030: Break
1045: The World Trade Center Disaster Report: “I Was There”
1100: News from Newington - A Report from ARRL HQ
1130: “Back to Basics”
1200: Lunch break - Parking lot displays
1300: Winter Olympics SLC Report
1315: “READY, SET , GO! Seminar - Is YOUR “Ready Kit” Ready?
      (Individuals are encouraged to bring their “Ready Kits” for
      “Show and Tell”.  If you wish to “show your stuff”, or for more
      information contact Paul, NN7B, at: nn7b@arrl.net

1350: Break - To move to either ARC or RADIOGRAM class.
1400: American Red Cross Introduction to Disaster Services - (3 hrs)
      (This course will be repeated again on Sunday at 0900.
      The course is the basic orientation and prerequisite to all
      other ARC disaster courses.  Cards are valid throughout the U.S.)
1400: Traffic Handling, RADIOGRAMS, and more...a WORKSHOP (3 hrs)
1700: Socialize, parking lot displays, relax.
1800: B-B-Q Dinner
1900: SPECIAL EVENT STATION “W6E”, DISPLAYS, EYE-BALL “RAGCHEWS”
      2400: QUIET TIME IN THE CAMP!

SUNDAY (April 21) -
0900: American Red Cross Introduction to Disaster Services -
      (3 hrs - repeat of Saturday class)
0900: Incident Command System and SEMS (1.5 hours)
1030: WX Spotter / SKYWARN class - (1.5 hours)
1030: ARES Leadership Seminar -
      (For SECs, DECs, ECs, AECs, and other ARRL Officials)
1200: Closing and Awards Ceremony, Door Prize Drawings
1300: Adjourn
NOTE: A more detailed version is available at: http://www.emcomm2002.net/

+ PREVIOUS EDITIONS OF THE 5-1-2+ BULLETIN ARE ARCHIVED AT:
www.qsl.net/k6soj

+ The “5-1-2+ BULLETIN” - Copyright (c) 2002 - D.W. Thorne, K6SOJ
Permission is hereby granted to reproduce and re-circulate items from this
bulletin providing appropriate credit is given to the “5-1-2 REGIONAL ARES
BULLETIN” and/or the author or originator of the material. Send
corrections, updates, etc. to:  k6soj@arrl.net
--- end of bulletin ---

+++ APPENDIX +++

+ RADIOGRAM TIP # 11 - Use USPS abbreviations in “place of origin” and in
addresses.  (PRINT AND SAVE for reference.)  This info is also at:
http://new.usps.com/cgi-bin/uspsbv/scripts/content.jsp?D=14435#abbr

STATE ABBREVIATIONS:

AL Alabama
AK Alaska
AS American Samoa
AZ Arizona
AR Arkansas
CA California
CO Colorado
CT Connecticut
DE Delaware
DC District of Columbia
FM Federated States of Micronesia
FL Florida
GA Georgia
GU Guam
HI Hawaii
ID Idaho
IL Illinois
IN Indiana
IA Iowa
KS Kansas
KY Kentucky
LA Louisiana
ME Maine
MH Marshall Islands
MD Maryland
MA Massachusetts
MI Michigan
MN Minnesota
MS Mississippi
MO Missouri
MT Montana
NE Nebraska
NV Nevada
NH New Hampshire
NJ New Jersey
NM New Mexico
NY New York
NC North Carolina
ND North Dakota
MP Northern Mariana Islands
OH Ohio
OK Oklahoma
OR Oregon
PA Pennsylvania
PR Puerto Rico
RI Rhode Island
SC South Carolina
SD South Dakota
TN Tennessee
TX Texas
UT Utah
VT Vermont
VA Virginia
VI Virgin Islands, U.S.
WA Washington
WV West Virginia
WI Wisconsin
WY Wyoming
AA Armed Forces the Americas
AE Armed Forces Europe
AP Armed Forces Pacific

COMMON ABBREVIATIONS

AVE Avenue
BLVD Boulevard
CTR Center
CIR Circle
CT Court
DR Drive
EXPY Expressway
HTS Heights
HWY Highway
IS Island
JCT Junction
LK Lake
LN Lane
MTN Mountain
PKWY Parkway
PL Place
PLZ Plaza
RDG Ridge
RD Road
SQ Square
ST Street
STA Station
TER Terrace
TRL Trail
TPKE Turnpike
VLY Valley
WAY Way

APT Apartment
RM Room
STE Suite

N North
E East
S South
W West
NE Northeast
NW Northwest
SE Southeast
SW Southwest

---end of USPS abreviation list ---